Academic Writing

Books forthcoming:

  • Spin, Spies and the Fourth Estate: British Intelligence and the Media. Edinburgh University Press. Pub Oct 2020
  • Investigative Journalism. Abingdon: Routledge. Edited by Hugo de Burgh and Paul Lashmar. Due Easter 2021

Papers – academic peer reviewed



  • Lashmar, P “Beyond the Ivory Tower: The Research and Practice of Intelligence,” for Researching National Security Intelligence: A Reader Georgetown University Press,
  • Lashmar P (2018) “Journalistic Freedom and Surveillance of Journalists post-Snowden”. in Franklin B and Eldridge SA. The Routledge Handbook of Development in Digital Journalism Studies. Pub: 5 September.
  • Lashmar P. (2018) “7/7: An academic and reflexive re-evaluation of journalistic practice.” For special edition of Journalism: theory, practice and criticism (ed: Dr Julian Matthews).  Journalism, DOI: 10.1177/1464884918797210
  • Lashmar P. (2018) “7/7: An academic and reflexive re-evaluation of journalistic practice.” For special edition of Journalism: theory, practice and criticism (ed: Dr Julian Matthews). Online First 3 Sept.
  • Lashmar P. (2018) “From silence to primary definer: The rise of the Intelligence lobby in the public sphere.” For special edition of Critical Sociology (ed: Prof David Miller). Published online first 23 July.
  • Piazza R and Lashmar P. “Corbyn according to the BBC”, for special edition of Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis Across Disciplines (ed: Dr Roberta Piazza). Published online 25 Dec 2017
  • Lashmar, P and Hobbs, D. “Diamonds, gold and crime displacement: Hatton Garden, and the evolution of organised crime in the UK.” Trends in Organised Crime. Online First. Open Access –
  • Lashmar, P “Putting lives in danger? Tinker, tailor, journalist, spy: the use of journalistic cover.” Journalism: theory, practice and criticism. Online First 13 Sept 2017 
  • Lashmar, Paul. (2016). “No More Sources? The impact of Snowden’s revelations on journalists and their confidential sources.” Journalism Practice. Published online first 24 May 2016. London: Francis and Taylor. DOI: 10.1080/17512786.2016.1179587
  • Lashmar, Paul. (2015). “Spies and journalists: Towards an ethical framework?” Ethical Space, The International Journal of Communication Ethics. Vol 12, Nos 3/4. pp 4-14
  • Lashmar, Paul. (2013) “How to humiliate and shame: a reporter’s guide to the power of the mugshot”. Social Semiotics. London: Francis and Taylor. Published online 18th October 2013.
  • Lashmar, Paul. (2013). “Urinal or conduit? Institutional information flow between the UK intelligence services and news media.” Journalism: theory, practice and criticism. 14 (8):1024-1040 London: Sage.

Non peer review papers

  • Lashmar, P. (2018) “Nest of Spies”, British Journalism Review, Vol. 29, No 1 March 2018, pp 53-58.
  • Lashmar, P. (2016) “Why it good to hoard”.  The problem of Journalists’ archives” British Journalism Review, Vol. 27, September 2016. 53-58
  • Lashmar, P. (2015) “Spies at The Observer”, British Journalism Review, Vol. 26, No 3 September 2015, pp 60-65
  • Lashmar, P. (1992) A fraudster’s charter. British Journalism Review. 3.4 (1992): 40-43.
  • Lashmar, P. (1993) Outsiders – in from the cold. British Journalism Review 4.1 (1993): 32-36.

Journal Editor

From July 2011, the Honorary Editor of the Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society (DNHAS), an annual semi scholarly journal that has been published since 1874. First volume under my editorship was published November 2012. Vol 139 to be published September 2018.

Guest Editor

The Press, Intelligence and the Ethics debate. Ethical Space, The International Journal of Communication Ethics. Vol 12, Nos 3/4. 2015.

Other articles

Lashmar P (2016) “The secret’s in: how technology is making public interest disclosures even harder The Conversation. 8 May.

Whyatt, J (2017) “Paul Lashmar on UK: They want to close down journalistic access to intelligence and security sources”. European Centre for Press and Media Freedom. 18 March. Can be accessed at:

Lashmar, P (2016) Snoopers’ Charter: why journalists (and the rest of us) should be afraid. The Conversation.  2 Dec.

Lashmar, P (2016) Guardian interview finally brings an MI5 boss in from the cold – but why? The Conversation, 3 Nov.

Lashmar,P (2016) “Undigested Snowden”. Open Democracy. 31 May

Lashmar, P (2016) “Panama Papers: remarkable global media operation holds rich and powerful to account”, The Conversation. 3rd April.

Lashmar, P (2016) “The Independent’s final edition summed up all that is powerful about newsprint”, The Conversation, March 26

Lashmar, P. & Hobbs, D. (2016)  “The garden of British crime – how London’s jewellery district became a nursery for villains“, The Conversation. 9 March.

Lashmar, P. (2016) “Hatton Garden ringleader Brian Reader also masterminded Lloyds Baker Street heist 45 years ago”, The Independent. 15 Jan

Lashmar, P. (2016) The Conversation. “Stranger than Strangelove: how the US planned for nuclear war in the 1950s”, The Conversation. 28 December.

Lashmar, P. (2015) “Britain ramps up security to meet terror threat – but does more mean better?” The Conversation. 16 November.

Lashmar, P. (2015) “The rise of an intelligence lobby threatens the rights of lawyers, journalists – and all of us.” The Conversation. 27 January.


June 2010 Augmented podcast: Lashmar, Paul (series editor and contributor). Cutting edge analysis of the critical issues facing journalism today: augmented podcasts series for Henry Stewart Talks. Contributed 50 minute analysis of the media and the war on terror. Other contributors to the series include Professor Chris Frost (Liverpool John Moores University), Prof Dr Damian Tambini (Polis at LSE), Alex Thomson (C4 News), Professor Richard Keeble (Lincoln), Dr Paul Bradshaw (City University), Dr Marianne Franklin (Goldsmiths College), Charlie Beckett (Polis at LSE), Professor Ivor Gaber (City and Bedfordshire Universities), Granville Williams (CPBF) and Dr Kari Anden-Papadopoulos (Stockholm University).



Lashmar, P (2021) “National Security and Investigative Journalism”, in De Burgh, H and Lashmar, P (2021)(eds) Investigative Journalism. London: Routledge (3rd ed)

Lashmar, P (2021).  ‘Journalists and their sources: Can media and journalists protect whistle-blowers?” in Price L, Sanders, K and Wyatt, W. Routledge Companion to Journalism Ethics. London: Routledge


Lashmar, P (2019) “The Ivory Tower and the Fourth Estate,” in Coulthart S, Landon-Murray M, and Van Puyvelde D (eds) Researching National Security Intelligence: Multidisciplinary Approaches. Georgetown University Press, published October 2019.  pp 193-210

Lashmar, P. (2019) “Beyond the Ivory Tower: The Research and Practice of Intelligence,” for Researching National Security Intelligence: A Reader. Georgetown University Press, due 2019. Accepted

Lashmar, P. (2019) “Sources and Source Relationships” entry for International Encyclopaedia of Journalism Studies, (eds) Tim P. Vos and Folker Hanusch. Wiley Blackwell. 4000 words. Published 14 May 2019

Lashmar, P. (2018) Journalistic Freedom and Surveillance of Journalists post-Snowden. In Franklin B and Eldridge SA. The Routledge Handbook of Development in Digital Journalism Studies. Accepted. Publication August 2018

Lashmar, P (2017) “The Independent is Dead, Long Live The Independent” in Mair, J. et al Last Words -How Can Journalism Survive the Decline of Print? Abramis. pp 89-94.

Lashmar, Paul. 2013. Journalist, Folk Devil? in Moral Panics in the Contemporary World, edited by Rohloff, A., Critcher, C., Hughes, J. and Petley, J. London: Bloomsbury Academic.

Lashmar, Paul. 2013. The Future of investigative journalism in The Future of Quality News Journalism: a cross continental analysis. Editors: Anderson P.J., Ogola, G. and Williams, M. NY: Routledge.

Lashmar, Paul. 2011. Blonde on Blonde: Wikileaks versus the Official Sources in Investigative Journalism: Dead or Alive. Editors: Mair, J., Keeble, R.L. 1st: 107-121. Suffolk: Abramis.

Lashmar, Paul. 2008. From shadow boxing to Ghost Plane: English journalism and the war on terror in Investigative Journalism: Theory & Practice. Editor: de Burgh H. 2nd edition. pp191-214. Abingdon: Routledge.

Lashmar, Paul. 2001. West Europe and North America chapter in Global corruption report. Transparency International. pp 138-151 London: Pluto Press .

Lashmar, Paul. (1983) Information is Power chapter in Nineteen Eighty Four in 1984: Autonomy, Control and Communication, Crispin Aubrey and Paul Chilton (eds), London: Comedia.

Academic Book reviews

Lownie A. “Stalin’s Englishman: The Lives of Guy Burgess” (London: Hodder and Stoughton) 2015. Lashmar P. (2016) Socialist History, 50. 115-118

Felle, T., Mair, J. and Radcliffe, D. Data Journalism: Inside the Global Abramis 2015.  Lashmar, P. (2016) Facts and Figure.  British Journalism Review. Vol 27 Number 2 June 2016. p72

Jean Seaton, Pinkoes and Traitor: The BBC and the Nation 1974–1987 (London: Profile Books, 2015), pp. 384, ISBN 978 1 84668 4746 (hb), £30. in Journal of British Cinema and Television. Volume 12, Issue 4, Page 595-598, ISSN 1743-4521, Available Online October 2015.

Peter J. Ling. “John. F Kennedy” in The Historian. No 121: Spring 2014, pg 4.

Dick Hobbs, “Lush Life: Constructing Organised Crime in the UK”. Crime, Media, Culture April 2014 10: 91-94,

Robert Dover and Michael S. Goodman (eds) Spinning Intelligence: Why Intelligence Needs the Media, Why the Media Needs Intelligence London: Hurst & Co, 2009. 265 pp. £15.99 (pbk) ISBN 978 1850659945 by Lashmar, Paul in Media, War & Conflict, ISSN 1750-6352, 08/2010, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp. 230 – 232


Bakir, V and Lashmar, P (2019) Journalism post-Snowden: a simple guide to protecting your information & contacts.  NUJ.  For members only.

Peer reviews:

Peer reviews of manuscripts for journals including Journalism Studies, Digital Journalism; Media, War & Conflict; Journal of Communication; Convergence; Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, Big Data and Society, Intelligence and National Security .